Since the implementation of the Global Agreement, in 2000, the European Union and Mexico have developed a political dialogue on issues of common interest such as social cohesion, justice and human rights, sustainable economic development, environment, education and culture, as well as science and technology. This development created the political conditions for the establishment of a deeper dialogue on global issues such as climate change and energy, food security, global economy, and global security.
The progressive consolidation of bilateral relations created the need to establish closer links and establish a more ambitious political framework between the parties. During the V Meeting of the Joint Council (held on April 19, 2007) both parties recognized that there had been a qualitative change in their bilateral relations.
At the IV Mexico-EU Summit, held in Lima, Peru, in May 2008, the leaders of Mexico and the EU announced their intention to form a Strategic Partnership.
On July 15, 2008, the European Commission presented a communication to the Member States (European Council) and the European Parliament, recommending the establishment of a Strategic Partnership between the European Union and Mexico.
The Council supported the document on October 13, 2008 and the European Parliament issued its favorable opinion on March 12, 2009.
The Strategic Partnership
The Strategic Partnership is a political concept used to highlight the type of relationship that the EU aspires to maintain with third countries. The essence of the concept of strategic partnership is that of a framework that reinforces the political will of the parties to intensify consultations and dialogue and, where appropriate, achieve closer cooperation.
In 2009, Mexico formally became a strategic partner of the European Union, a feature it shares with nine other countries: Brazil, Canada, China, the United States, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Russia and South Africa.
The Strategic Partnership aims at greater coordination on global, regional and bilateral issues, it is based on four axes:
- Political aspects such as democracy, human rights, the rule of law, cultural dialogue, and regional integration;
- Security aspects such as the fight against terrorism, organized crime, drug and human trafficking;
- Environmental aspects such as climate change and natural catastrophes;
- Socio-economic aspects such as investment and social responsibility, innovation and intellectual property rights, open markets, food prices, and maritime policy.
In order to link concrete actions to the Strategic Partnership and resume the existing projects between Mexico and the EU, a Joint Executive Plan was negotiated to establish the set of actions that both parties would carry out within the framework of their Strategic Partnership.
The implementation of the commitments embodied in the Executive Plan has allowed the use of innovative mechanisms of political dialogue, such as sectoral dialogues.
With the Strategic Partnership and its Joint Executive Plan, bilateral dialogue has been strengthened in different topics of common interest.
With the achievement of the status of strategic partner of the European Union, Mexico was recognized as an important emerging power in Latin America, the second largest economy in the region, and as a country with which the EU shares fundamental values.
Through the Strategic Partnership, Mexico and the EU have strengthened their coordination within the framework of multilateral institutions and fora on matters of global importance, especially peace, international security, construction and respect for international law, and climate change. In this context Mexico supported the resolution that allowed the EU to obtain, in 2011, observer status in the UN General Assembly.
The message sent by the Strategic Partnership with the EU is clear: Mexico is a reliable partner with political weight in the international scene.
The Strategic Partnership has raised the quality and the level of bilateral relations and has given a new impetus to the cooperation between Mexico and the European Union.