According to data from the Ministry of Economy of Mexico, the members of the European Union represent 31.1% of the investments in Mexico in the years 1999-2020 , with USD 186.3 billion, which positions the EU as the 2nd most important investor in the country. The United States is first with 268 billion, Canada is third with 40.5 billion, and Japan is fourth with 25 billion.
The main European investors are: Spain ($ 69.1 billion), Germany ($ 24.8 billion), The Netherlands ($ 20.8 billion), Belgium ($ 20 billion), and the United Kingdom ($ 17 billion). European investment is concentrated in the following sectors: automotive, aerospace, beverages and pharmaceuticals.
EU investment in Mexico was concentrated mainly in the manufacturing industry (45.7% of the total); financial services (20.4%); generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy, supply of water and gas through pipelines to the final consumer (7.9%); information in mass media (7.8%), and construction (5.4%).
In Mexico, there are 19 080 companies with capital from the European Union distributed mainly in Mexico City (23.6%), Estado de México (10.8%), Nuevo León (8.6%), Puebla (5.6%) and Jalisco (5.4%).
1Statistical information on FDI, with data for the second quarter of 2020, available here: https://datos.gob.mx/busca/dataset/informacion-estadistica-de-la-inversion-extranjera-directa