Important efforts have been made at the legislative, public policy, and law enforcement levels to ensure the respect and promotion of human rights.
While further efforts are necessary to ensure laws are adequately implemented and public policy has a positive impact on the ground, Mexico has taken decisive actions, including institutional capacity building and training.
Evidence of this is the recent nation-wide adoption of a new Accusatory Criminal Justice System and the drafting of a new National Code of Criminal Procedures. The implementation of the new Criminal Justice System, on top of changing the written inquisitorial procedure to an oral one, elevated the presumption of innocence to a constitutional level, while the new National Code homogenizes criminal procedural laws at a national level. Already over 550,000 public hearings have been held and approximately 70,000 people have been spared preventive detention. Its implementation will signify a reduction in the workload and costs of courthouses, allowing over 90% of conflicts to be decided through alternate dispute resolutions. This will limit the waiting time of trials to 365 days and therefore provide legal security.
This new system seeks to achieve a more transparent and efficient procedure for the administration of justice, protecting the human rights of both the accused and the victims through an emphasis on due process and accountability.
The changes have meant building or adapting new courtrooms, training prosecutors, judges, and public defendants, as well as police, and adapting law schools’ curricula, among many other actions.
Since June 18, 2016, the new Criminal Justice System is operating throughout the country.
Over 1.1 billion dollars have been invested so far in its implementation, with a supervisory mechanism to follow up on results based on 41 indicators.
Approximately 271,000 civil public officials have received training, including judges, prosecutors, technical experts, and penitentiary staff, among others. Almost 6,000 people have been certified to render this training, whereas 240,607 (95% of the total) state and municipal police officers have also been trained.